The Pech and Jicaque people live in some of the more remote areas in the central highlands.
The Chortí and Lenca peoples live in the rugged western highlands.
Different ethnic groups live in specific environments.
The Anglo-African-Caribbean "Bay Islanders" live on the Bay Islands off the north coast.
It completely fills a small, deep valley in the headwaters of the Choluteca River, in the central highlands. The major ethnic group include the Chortí, a native people with a population of about five thousand in the department of Copán.
There may still be a few people who can speak the Chortí language, which belongs to the Mayan family.
The name of the country means "depths." It was so named by Christopher Columbus on his fourth voyage because of the deep waters at the mouth of the Tinto o Negro River off the Mosquito Coast.
The Jicaque are a native people who live in the department of Yoro and the community of Montaña de la Flor (municipality of Orica) in the department of Francisco Morazán.
In 1797, the Garífuna were forcibly exiled by the British to Roatán in the Bay Islands.
The Spanish colonial authorities welcomed the Garífuna, and most of them moved to the mainland.
Hondureño catracho (the national nickname; can be amusing, insulting, or friendly, depending on the context.
"Catracho" comes from the name of Florencio Xatruch, the general who led the Honduran expeditionary force against William Walker in Nicaragua in 1856.) Identification.