They do not use a special name to refer to themselves or their region. The nation has an area of 43,266 miles (112,492 square kilometers). The physical environment is tropical, with a long dry season (six months or more) in the south and the interior and a shorter dry season in the north.
The Tawahka are a native people in the department of Gracias a Dios in the Mosquitia. The Misquitos are a native people with some African and British ancestry who reside in the department of Gracias a Dios in the Mosquitia.
The Garífuna are a people of African descent with some native American ancestry.
They originated on the Caribbean island of Saint Vincent during colonial times from escaped slaves who settled among a group of Arawak-speaking Carib Indians and adopted their native American language.
There are about nineteen thousand Jicaque in Yoro and about two hundred in Montaña de la Flor.
The Pech are a native people in the departments of Olancho and Colón, with a few living in Gracias a Dios in the Mosquitia.